An Overview The United States' Energy Situation
Module1: US Energy Overview
Module2: US Energy Production Breakdown
Module 3: Simulation of US Energy Independence
Based on the report Case Study of Current Domestic Energy Deficit in the United States and Simulated Solutions for Filling the Deficit by Utilizing Renewable Resources and Other New Technologies, J.A, Werner, R.M. Lyman, N.R. Jones Wyoming State Geological Survey Coal Section, aka "case study".
This module will look at the energy production per state for various energy forms. The energy forms are coal (22.45 QBTU), natural gas (24.35 QBTU incl. federal off-shore), crude oil (10.89 QBTU incl. federal off-shore), uranium & nuclear power (7.96 QBTU), and renewable energy (3.439 QBTU).
US Coal Production by state
US coal production for 2003 was 22.45 QBTU, or equivalently 1.069x109 short tons (2000 lbs. per short ton). Distribution by state is shown in Figure 4. The case study indicates that the coal heating value varies considerably by state, and points at theat Wyoming coal has a lower heating content, higher moisture content, but lower sulfur content than much of the eastern coal (i.e., esp. Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, etc.).
FIGURE 4: US Coal Production By State
US Natural Gas Production
US Domestic Natural Gas Production for 2003 was 19.79 QBTU (or equivalently 1.956x1013 ft3). This does not include an additional 4.56 QBTU (or equivalently 4.51x1012 ft3) produced in federal off-shore production. Figure 5 shows the US domestic produciton of natural gas by state.
FIGURE 5: Domestic US Natural Gas Production by State
US Crude Oil Production (Petroleum)
US Domestic petroleum production for 2003 was 7.74 QBTU (or equivalently 1.47x109 barrels). This does not include an additional 3.15 QBTU (or equivalently 6.0x108 barrels) of federal off-shore production. Figure 6 shows the distribution of Domestic US Crude Oil production by state (federal off-shore not included).
FIGURE 6: Domestic US Crude Oil Production
Domestic Nuclear Power & Uranium
US Domestic production of nuclear power is 7.96 QBTU (or equivalently 7.638x1011 kWH). Figure 7 shows the distribution of energy produced by nuclear power by state. Note that the state producing the nuclear power receives the credit, not the state producing the nuclear fuel. Figure 8 shows uranium reserves by state.
FIGURE 7: Domestic US Nuclear Power Production by State
FIGURE 8: Domestic US Uranium Reserves by State
Domestic US Renewable Energy Production
Domestic US renewable energy, dominated by hydroelectric, accounted for 3.45 QBTU (or equivalently 3.31x1011 kWH, in 2002 in this case). Figure 9 shows the breakdown by type.
FIGURE 9: Distribution of Renewable Energy by Type
Total Renewable Energy Production by State
Figure 10 shows the total renewable energy production by state. Thisn includes all renewables in Figure 9.
FIGURE 10: Total Renewable Energy Production by State
Hydroelectric Production by State
Figure 11 shows domesitc hydroelectric generation by state.
Other Renewable Energy by State
The rest of the renewable energy types accounted for 0.72 QBTU (or equivalently 6.91x1010kWH) in 2002. Figure 11 shows the distribution of each type in thousands of kWH. In QBTU, the numbers are very small.
FIGURE 11: Renewables by Type and State in Thousands of kWHOn to Module 3: Simulation of US Energy Independence